Poor lifestyle choices can reduce your fertility

Poor lifestyle choices such as smoking, drinking excessively, not exercising, not getting enough sleep and being overweight  can reduce your fertility.

Prescribed, over the counter and recreational drugs can affect fertility

Check that you’re prescription and over the counter medicines aren’t contributing to your infertility.  Don’t take Illegal drugs such as marijuana and cocaine as they can affect the quality of a man’s semen and affect ovulation in women.


Some occupations can expose you to chemicals that can reduce fertility in men and women. Heat, X-rays, metals and pesticides are known to affect fertility, but many physical and chemical agents have not even been assessed yet. If you’re concerned speak to a physician.

Stress can affect your fertility

Many of us lead busy and  stressful lives, and trying for a baby can add to this stress. If either you or your partner is stressed, it may affect your relationship. Stress can contribute to a loss of libido (sex drive), which in turn can reduce the frequency of sexual intercourse. Severe stress may also affect female ovulation and limit sperm production.

Age matters

It’s well documented that a woman’s fertility and the quality her eggs declines most dramatically from the age of 35, but we now know that the quality of a man’s sperm also decreases with age. That’s why it is so important that men and women over 35 eat a healthy diet and adopt a healthy lifestyle.

It’s in the genes

As a woman reaches her mid 30’s then the risk of having a child with a genetic abnormality increases.  Now evidence shows that the age of the father can also contribute to that risk.


Male factors


Male infertility can be caused by a low sperm count and motility, poor sperm quality and abnormal sperm.


The testicles are responsible for producing and storing sperm. If they are damaged it can seriously affect the quality of your semen.  If you suspect fertility problems, get checked out to make sure you don’t have a physical problem like testicular cancer.


Hypogonadism is an abnormally low level of testosterone, the male sex hormone that plays a significant role in making sperm. This could be caused by a tumour, taking illegal drugs, or Klinefelter’s syndrome (a rare genetic condition where a man is born with an extra female chromosome).

Age matters

Men over the age of 35 are half as likely to achieve a pregnancy when compared with men younger than 25. From the age of 35, the quality of a man’s semen declines. Sperm count can drop, while sperm motility  and vitality (how well they move) decreases.

Dump the Lubricants

Vaginal lubricants sometimes  contain spermicides, so they can reduce sperm motility and in some cases also damage sperm.

Female factors

German measles (Rubella) check to make sure you’ve been vaccinated

German measles (Rubella) infection during pregnancy can harm the foetus. If you haven’t had rubella as a child, you can get vaccinated. But after vaccination is given you should wait for about a month before trying to get pregnant.

Ovulation disorders

Problems with ovulation are the cause of infertility in about 30% of women with fertility issues.  In some women, this is a permanent problem, whereas in others it happens from time to time. Ovulation disorders  have  various causes  including Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), thyroid problems, or premature ovarian failure, where a woman’s ovaries stop working before she is 40.

Womb and Fallopian tubes

If the womb or the fallopian tubes are damaged, or stop working, it may be difficult to conceive naturally.  This problem affects around 2 in 10 couples with infertility.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

There are several STIs that can cause infertility. For example, chlamydia and gonorrhoea can damage the fallopian tubes in women, which may make it more difficult to become pregnant


For a woman the biggest decrease in fertility begins after the age of thirty.  Over time, the number and quality of a woman’s eggs will decline, until there are no viable eggs left once she reaches menopause.

Fertility &
For a better view of the site: